1. Pike I, Richmond S, Rothman L, Macpherson A (eds.) (2015). Canadian Injury Prevention Resource. Parachute, publisher: Toronto, ON.
  2. World Health Organization. (2009). Addressing the socioeconomic safety divide: A policy briefing. Retrieved from
  3. Public Health Agency of Canada (2011). What Determines Health? Retrieved from:
  4. Brownell, M.D., Derksen, S.A., Jutte, D.P., Roos, N.P., Ekuma, O., Yallop, L. (2010). Socio-economic inequities in children's injury rates: has the gradient changed over time? Canadian Journal of Public Health;101(3):S28-31.
  5. Jackson, A. (2009). “The unhealthy Canadian workplace.” In Raphael, D. (ed.) Social Determinants of Health, 2nd edition. Toronto: Canadian Scholars’ Press Inc
  6. Elgar, F.J., Trites, S.J., Boyce, W. (2010). Social Capital Reduces Socio-economic Differences in Child Health: Evidence From the Canadian Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children Study. Canadian Journal of Public Health; 101, (SUPP 3): s23-s27.
  7. Hameed S.M., Schuurman N., Razek T., Boone D., Van Heest R., Taulu T., et al. (2010). Access to trauma systems in Canada. J Trauma;69(6):1350–61; discussion 1361.
  8. All references as in pg. 329 of Canadian Injury Prevention Resource
  9. Parachute. (n.d.). Child Injury Prevention. Retrieved from